Much like Sigiriya, Yapahuwa was also a citadel of the history of ancient Sri Lanka. Yapahuwa was once home to the sacred tooth relic, making this ancient place a religious location. again much like Sigirya, was built around a rock, which rose about a 100 meters from the ground. The staircase to the top of the rock is intact, and it is easy to climb all the way to the top of the rock, where a traveler can see remains of military defenses. Religious sites can also be found on top of the rock including the ruins of a stupa and an enclosure for a Bo tree. Yapahuwa was mostly abandoned by past civilizations after the death of King Buwanekabahu when invasions from South India began.